Climate-induced disasters are one of the biggest threats faced by Nepal. Natural disasters such as landslides in hills, flooding during monsoon in Terai, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) in high mountains, wildfires, droughts, lightning, storms, etc. cause immense damage in terms of both human and economic loss. Climate change has exacerbated the situation with predictions that extreme climate events will increase in the decades to come.
Realizing the uncertainties of climate-induced disasters, a thematic working group (TWG) covering the sector of disaster risk management has been introduced which is led by the Ministry of Home Affairs. This TWG provides the route to plan and implement adaptation measures and has undertaken several initiatives, including policy formulation and adoption of strategies, design, and implementation of programmes and activities. The involvement of all three tiers of government – local, provincial, and federal – is crucial for the long-term success of the NAP process in the Climate-Induced Disaster Risk Reduction.
The NAP process is an important initiative that steers the climate change adaptation activities in the sector. Not only does it review the existing sectoral information to identify the entry points for the integration of adaptation measures/options, but it also facilitates their implementation at all levels with the involvement of both governmental and private sectors. The TWG evaluates and prioritizes associated risks based on universally accepted criteria in the DRR sector and lists risk optimization measures to be carried out. The TWG prepares the blueprint for adjusting these measures into the policy, strategy, plan, program, and budget of federal, provincial, and local governments.