Agriculture is a highly sensitive sector to climate change with disease and pest outbreaks, erratic rainfall, floods, and droughts being significant risk factors. Each passing year, we face a rapid decline in production due to a lack of adaptation measures to sustain climate-induced disasters such as floods and droughts.
Several adaptation measures and climate change adaptation projects are currently being implemented by the government of Nepal and civil society organizations to address the risk possessed by the agricultural sector due to climate change. The National Climate Change Policy 2019 has also enlisted agriculture and food security as one of the thematic areas posing a threat by climate change, and have provisions related to building a climate-smart, resilient agriculture sector in Nepal.
National Adaptation Plan (NAP) is an important initiative that incorporates Agricultural and Food Security (as identified by a recent climate change policy) as a separate thematic working group (TWG) to steer the climate change adaptation (CCA) activities in the agricultural sector. The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development leads the TWG. This TWG conducts a comprehensive assessment based on the analysis of climate change trends, agriculture, and food security to understand the current impact and future risk of climate change in agriculture and food security sectors. It prioritizes the risk identified by this process and takes the lead to create comprehensive nationally approved plans and programs to address the risks.
The process establishes a precise coordination mechanism with federal, provincial, and local governments to effectively create plans, strategies, and budgets to implement agriculture sector programs as well as climate change-related programmes in the sector. It does that by identifying entry points for the integration of adaptation measures/options and provides the necessary technical support for implementation.
NAP utilizes results-oriented monitoring and evaluation methods to discuss and work through the blueprint preparation for the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation in the thematic areas of agriculture and food security.